In actual paper we develop the spectral analysis of Schr"odinger operators on lattice type graphs. For basic example of qubic periodic graph the problem is reduced to the spectral analysis of the regular differential operators on a fundamental star-like subgraph with a selfadjoint condition at the central node and quasiperiodic conditions at the boundary vertices. Using an explicite expression for resolvent of lattice-type operator we develop in the second sections the Lippmann- Schwinger techniques for the perturbed periodic operator and construct the corresponding scattering matrix. It serves as a base for the approximation of the multy-dimensional Schr"odinger operator by the onedimansional operator on graph : in the third section of the paper for given $N$-dimensional Schr"odinger operators with rapidly decreasing potential we construct a lattice-type operator on cubic graph embedded into ${bf R}^N$ and show that the original $N$-dimensional scattering problem can be approximated in proper sense by the corresponding scattering problem for the perturbed lattice operator. |
Keywords
Lattice graphs, Krein formula, Scattering
Math Review Classification
Last Updated
Length
36 p
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